Page 27: of Maritime Reporter Magazine (July 15, 1984)
View of Wartsila Helsinki Shipyard with the construction. cruise liner Royal Princess currently under
Circle 93 Kockums shipyard in Malmo, Sweden Circle 89 specific vessel types—icebreakers and passenger ships—to the ex- tent it is widely considered the world's leading builder of these craft. Last year it delivered 13 ice- breakers. Prominent on the cur- rent order book is P&O's Royal
Princess, destined to become one of the most prestigious cruise ships afloat, and two "super ferries" building for Silja Line, and two smaller "yacht cruisers" for Norske
Wartsila sees a market for less conventional cruise ships in the future and already has well ad- vanced designs for both a four- masted "Windcruiser" and a 2,000- passenger SWATH ship.
Shipbuilding in Sweden contin- ues to make headway, thanks in no small part to the government's apparent willingness to write off large amounts of capital, and to the slimming down operation which has been underway since nation- alization in 1977.
Last year the country's only two surviving large ship builders,
Kockums and Uddevallavarvet, both reduced their workforces by around 30 percent. Shipbuilding capacity in Sweden has been cut more than in any other European nation. The current workforce of 9,450 employed on newbuildings is about only 20 percent of the figure for the early 1970s.
In 1983 Swedish yards delivered 17 vessels, totalling 501, 156 dwt.
Of these, the two major yards ac- counted for 8 ships and 464,500 dwt, leaving the balance for the smaller operations.
Under the scheme instituted fol- lowing the state take-over, Kock- ums was dedicated to building RO/
ROs and other medium-sized ton- nage, although it is geared up for the construction of large ships.
The yard's 1983 deliveries were a series of three RO/ROs for the Na- tional Shipping Corporation of
At the moment, the yard is ap- proaching completion of the last of three RO/RO containerships for the Swedish partners in ACL.
It appeared, temporarily, Kock- ums would experience a gap be- tween delivery of the last ACL vessel and the commencement of work on the two Carnival Cruise
Lines ships which are due for de- livery in 1986 and 1987. However, this time slot was neatly filled (continued on page 30)
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